PanARMENIAN.Net - Participants of the meeting issued a joint Communiqué, which envisages establishment of a transitional governing body involving all interested parties, so that Syria becomes a democratic and pluralistic state complying with international standards on human rights.
“That means that the transitional governing body would exercise full executive powers. It could include members of the present government and the opposition and other groups and shall be formed on the basis of mutual consent,” the paper says.
“The conflict in Syria will only end when all sides are assured that there is a peaceful way towards a common future for all in Syria.
It is for the Syrian people to determine the future of the country.
The plan includes completion of withdrawals and addressing the issue of the disarming, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups. It is also necessary to ensure that the release of the detained is completed rapidly,” reads te statement.
Observers believe Syria faces the threat of split and civil war, so Action Group members are committed to the sovereignty, independence, national unity and territorial integrity of Syria. The conflict must be resolved through peaceful dialogue and negotiation alone.
The meeting participants reiterated support to the Syria plan proposed three months ago by Kofi Annan, Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the League of Arab States for Syria, which calls for immediate cease-fire by the conflict parties and start of a political dialogue.
This plan is not working now, so Annan convened a meeting of Action Group in Geneva to elaborate further measures and press the Syrian government and the opposition.
Action Group also urged the government and opposition to ensure relevant conditions for work of a 300-member military observer mission and provide access to humanitarian organizations to all areas affected by the fighting.
The meeting brought together the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the League of Arab States, the Foreign Ministers of China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States, Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar and the European Union High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy.
Meanwhile, according to Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, Moscow believes the results of the Geneva-based international conference on Syria should not be used to promote the goals of the so-called “Friends of Syria Group”.
“They said if the meeting in Geneva brings some results, our partners will consider whether another meeting of “Friends of Syria Group” should be speeded up. Apparently, this is not going to happen; they are going to hold the meeting. They have the right to do so, and we presented our stance on this format,” Lavrov stated.
Hillary Clinton and Laurent Fabius reiterated that the paper assumes Bashar Asad must leave the power, while Lavrov mentioned the adopted plan does not imply such development of events. While acknowledging the complexity of the task, Coffi Annan hopes for significant progress during the year. Clinton declared she would bring the agreement text to voting at the UN Security Council to gain weight. In general, Western experts believe that while Russia and China support Asad’s regime, the civil war will increasingly get larger, and no military operation to rescue the civilians will be possible.
Unbiased intentions of the West to “save” the Syrian people are hard to believe, though.
Syria is a suitable spring-board in case of intervention into Iran, and if Asad steps down, the path to Tehran will be much easier, if not open. At least Geneva meeting participants believe this. They also talked about democracy and human rights in Libya and other “Arab spring” countries, and the whole world witnessed its consequences. Syria is trying hard to escape this scenario. It depends on Russia and China, as well as on Iran whether it will succeed or not. Developments are yet to come.