In particular, the local production should be enhanced through creation of relevant infrastructures on places, which will result in increased export volumes, and also boost the level of Armenia’s food security.
The most notable measure undertaken by the government in this direction is the implementation of programs aimed at promoting grain crops self-sufficiency, such as “Development of seed farming and production of wheat seeds for 2010-2014,” “Development of barley and seed production in 2011,” “Development of corn production in 2011.”
650-720 thous. tons of grain crops are annually used in Armenia, only 435-450 thous. tons of which are used for food purposes. Local production totals 168-175 thous. tons, with the deficit met through import, the volume of which annually grossed 380-420 thous. tons for the past five years.
In 2011, the production volume of crops exceeded the index of 2010 by 35%, with the level of wheat self-sufficiency totaling 38.7% (5% growth against the 2010 figure).
It is worth noting that use of high-quality seeds increased Armenia’s sown area by 20 thous. hectares in 2012, and the level of self-sufficiency will amount to 60-70% by 2014.
International organizations also state that agriculture has a key role in development of a country’s economy. In particular, according to United Nations Resident Coordinator in Armenia Dafina Gercheva, food security issues receive much attention by the national government; there are structures and experts who work to solve these problems. However, Armenia now has to unite separate agricultural plots to boost their competitiveness.
Despite its high quality production, Armenia faces many obstacles hindering the export; therefore a relevant agricultural policy, currently lacking in the country, should be developed.