May 11, 2004 - 21:41 AMT
The international mediators for settlement of the Nagorno Karabakh conflict from the US, France and Russia have proposed several modes for solution of the problem. However, the most courageous was the Key West one. As reported by Liberty radio station, Wall Street Journal reports it referring to Thomas de Waal, the author of a book on the Karabakh conflict. For the fist time lifting the veil of mystery of the settlement project, presented in the course of the talks in Key West US city, de Waal notes that in compliance with that version, "Armenia had to provide an opportunity to 95% of Azeri refugees to return to their homes." Besides, "a way to the Azeri enclave of Nakhichevan had to be opened through the territory of Armenia." In exchange, in de Waal's words, "Azerbaijan had to refuse from Karabakh, except for Shushi town." Citing the second item of the Key West document on "conveying Karabakh under the sovereignty of Armenia," the author notes that if it is the case, "from the human point of view the benefit would be the biggest, however so would be the political risk for Azerbaijan." Member of the British Institute for War and Peace Reporting Thomas de Waal also considers the opportunity of resumption of hostilities. "The human price of a new war will be horrible even if the conflict is local. Azerbaijan will lose thousands of young people only on minefield, which lie along the whole of the front line. And the small beautiful province in the middle - Nagorno Karabakh - may disappear at all," he forecasts. At that Thomas de Waal considers the Karabakh conflict solvable, noting if it is the case "both nations will be saved from isolation." "Armenians and Azeris have much more in common, than, e.g., Israelis and Palestinians," he writes. The percentage of mixed nationality family couples was rather high. "The problem is that for already more than ten years the two nations rarely enter into a dialogue," the author considers. "The most surprising for a person from the outside is that Azerbaijan does not sit at a bargaining table with Karabakh Armenians, whom it considers its citizens," the Wall Street Journal article sums up.