February 19, 2011 - 18:18 AMT
Polish Ambassador to Baku: Karabakh conflict is not “frozen”

War is not a solution to Nagorno Karabagh conflict. This problem must be solved peacefully, said the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Poland to Azerbaijan Michal Labenda at the meeting with students of Azerbaijan Languages University.

He noted that it was wrong to call this conflict “frozen”. “I hope that the historical justice will be restored by the efforts of heads of Azerbaijan and Armenia and OSCE Minsk Group. The solution of this conflict must be acceptable for both sides,” APA cited him as saying.

Nagorno-Karabakh was never a part of independent Azerbaijan.

Immediately after the establishment of the Soviet regime in Armenia, the Azerbaijan Revcom (Revolutionary Committee - the main Bolshevik instrument of power at that time) made a declaration recognizing Nagorno Karabakh, Zangezur, and Nakhichevan as inseparable parts of Armenia. In effect, the declaration renounced any of Azerbaijan Republic's claim over Nagorno Karabakh, Zangezur, and Nakhichevan.

Based on this declaration, and following agreement between the Armenian and Azerbaijani governments, in June of 1921, Armenia declared Nagorno Karabagh her inseparable part. The text of the decree issued by the Armenian government was published in Armenian and Azerbaijani media ("Baku Worker" organ of the Azerbaijan Communist Party Central Committee, June 22, 1921). Thus, the documented unification of Nagorno Karabakh to Armenia, within the context of international law, was the last legal act by the Transcaucasia Communist regime.

However soon after, the Bolshevik leaders in Russia had politically inspirations and desires to foster an "international Communist revolution". To achieve this, Turkey was assigned the role of " torch bearer of the revolution in the East". This resulted in a change of attitude regarding Turkey's ethnically close relations with Azerbaijan and the question of "contested territories," including Nagorno Karabakh. The leaders of Azerbaijan, under the direction of Moscow, restarted talks about claims for Nagorno Karabakh. In 1921, the plenary session of the Caucasus Bureau of the HKbK, disregarded the decision of the League of Nations and refused to accept the plebiscite as a popular mechanism for determining borders between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Under Stalin's immediate pressure, the decision was made to separate Nagorno Karabakh from Armenia by force, contradicting the act of unification and violating principle, though it was stipulated that on those Armenian lands, under Azerbaijani SSR rule, national autonomy with wide privileges would be established.

On December 10, 1991, a referendum was held in Nagorno Karabakh with the overwhelming majority of the population voted in favor of total independence from Azerbaijan.